International declarations and treaties that public service broadcasting

A Public Service Broadcasting model should take into account key international principles and laws agreed upon by Member States of the United Nations system. It must operate within these principles at all times. By doing so,it clarifies the responsibilities and guarantees the rights of all the stakeholders of PSB and respects the members of the community PSB serves.

1. Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly Resolution 217 (A) III of 10 December 1948:

"Everyone has a right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes the right to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers"

International declarations and treaties that impact
Public Service Broadcasting

2. Resolution 104, General Conference of UNESCO, 25th Session, Paris, 17 October to November 1989:
"The media is a source of information and a component of the learning process in the modern world,. a means of promoting and safeguarding cultural identities and of increasing understanding among peoples."

3. General Assembly Resolution 59(1), 65th Plenary Meetings, 14 December 1946, stating that freedom of information is a fundamental human right:
"Freedom of information is a fundamental human right and 1. . the touchstone to all freedoms to which the United Nations is consecrated"

4. Information in service of humanity General Assembly Resolution 45/76. 65th Plenary Meeting, 11 December 1990

"All countries, organisations of the United Nations system as a whole and all others concerned, reaffirming their commitment to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations and to the principles of freedom of the press and freedom of information, as well as to those of the independence, pluralism, and diversity of the media, should:

i. Cooperate and interact with a view to reducing existing disparities in information flows at all levels by increasing assistance for the development of communication infrastructures and capabilities in order to enable them to develop their own information and communication policies freely and independently and increase the participation of media and individuals
in the communication process, and to ensure a free flow of information at all levels"

5. Resolution 104 adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO, 25th Session, Paris, 17 October to 16 November 1989.
"UNESCO and its Member States must assist in:
i. facilitating access by the public to information in all its forms, including information concerning science and technology through a variety of easily accessible sources and information media, without prejudice to restrictions in national or international legal instruments."

6. UNDPAccess to Information:Practice Note (2003, p.ii) 'Implementation of the rights to freedom of expression and access to information are prerequisites for ensuring voice and participation necessary for a democratic society. Access to information and communication builds on these internationally recognized rights and together encompass core principles of democratic governance.. participation, transparency, and accountability. It is [therefore] essential to create and strengthen communication mechanisms that enable poor people to influence national and local government policy and practice."

"IA PSB] provides unbiased and fully independent information, both in mass coverage and in-depth factual programming, capable of earning the audience's trust and of representing a reference point in the rapidly expanding information market."